Thursday, May 10, 2012

summery on Problem solving,Multimedia encyclopedia and Electronic books


Problem solving

Stephen and Gallagher (1983) define problem solving as “a curriculum development and delivery system that recognizes the need to develop problem solving skills as well as the necessity of helping students to acquire necessary knowledge and skills”. Simply put, it is a teaching strategy that focuses or emphasizes on the development of problem solving skills in the children.
The most obvious (but not necessarily the best) reason for teaching problem solving is to help children develop critical and creative thinking skills. Education can be more wholesome and realistic if children are more able to use their school learning in solving problems in their day to day life situations and most of the teacher are frequently suggested as to why this form of learning should be encouraged because it develop students current knowledge, It is interesting and enjoyable way to learn, challenging, it needs positive attitude towards learning, it develop sense of inquiry and research in children, it teaches thinking flexibility and creativity, teaches problem solving skills, encourage cooperative learning skills and use full way to practice skills learned by other means.
IDEAL is a mnemonic device proposed by Bransford and Stein (cited in Crowl, et al. 1997, p. 161) and it is considered to be an effective strategy of problem solving. I: Identify the problem. D: Define and represent the problem. E: Explore possible strategies. A: Act on the strategies.        L: Look back and evaluate the effects of your activities.

Multimedia encyclopedia and Electronic books
 “The meaning of term 'Multi-media' is that more than two media communication is used in teaching and in learning package or instruction, procedure. There are several devices of non print media which facilitate individual variation of learners. It is a recent approach to teaching and instruction. The classroom teaching is not only confined to the physical voice of a teacher but also through a number of media such as radio, tape recorder, CD ROM, TV, video, computer (internet), language laboratories are used in teaching and instruction. A teacher is no more confined to the four walls of classroom (Sharma, 2003). 
But before letting student to use multimedia each student should be able to Get exposure to variety of media (audio, audio-visual and visual), learn more productively based on distant and authentic materials, Retain the information for longer period of time, Learn on their own through computer, radio, video, etc and Improve communication skills.
The following activities can be conducted:
The students will be ask to listen to the radio or TV on particular issue related to the current topic and write down their opinion on the issue; present it to the class and discuss and conclusion is drawn by the teacher.
The class will watch a video on a particular issue. They will be asked to watch attentively and it will be followed by discussion.
A particular topic will be given in groups and the students are asked to explore information on that topic from the internet and share with others in the class.

14 comments:

  1. namgay what you have wrote is correct and it is precise to the content. but i have a doubt that how this problem solving will lead the child to do creative thinking skill since they will be follow the teacher guide and most of child will not think out of the box since they will be depending only on to the teachers.

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    1. first the teacher will teach how to go with the problem and followed by discussion and then teacher will let the student to do on their own and they were asked to present to class like example given below:
      The students will be ask to listen to the radio or TV on particular issue related to the current topic and write down their opinion on the issue; present it to the class and discuss and conclusion is drawn by the teacher.

      Delete
  2. Your piece of review is brief and understanding but problem solving helps students to acquire necessary knowledge and skills; regarding this:
    How will they acquire knowledge and skills.
    What is the misuse of this software and its integration with the lesson.

    Same comment applies to next article.

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  3. Hi Namgay sir.........you have done a very great job posting all the details about Problem solving, Multimedia encyclopedia and Electronic books. But the thing is that i found less information about electronic books.So it would be if u could point out some detail on electronic books.
    Other then this i found almost all point in your post and do well with your assignment..enjoy....

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    1. Electronic books are the electronic version of book but are supplemented with other multimedia and it also act as tutor for the students to learn reading, spelling and work skill. They can even visits to related information stored in the software with the use of hyper links to increase their understanding.
      Teacher preparation is extremely important for the use of these types of software, as they frequently do not directly 'teach' in the sense that the other types do. Rather, these software database usually sit rather passively, waiting for students to interact with them. Because of this, teachers need to plan very carefully before using the software in lessons.
      The following activities can be conducted:
      The students will be ask to listen to the radio or TV on particular issue related to the current topic and write down their opinion on the issue; present it to the class and discuss and conclusion is drawn by the teacher.
      The class will watch a video on a particular issue. They will be asked to watch attentively and it will be followed by discussion.
      A particular topic will be given in groups and the students are asked to explore information on that topic from the internet and share with others in the class.

      Delete
  4. Namgay, you have done a very good work but i thought that it would better if you have done your work in point basis. overall you have done a wonderful job.

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    1. hay thank you for your comment and ya actually i also thought of writing it in point wise but than i was confused weather final assignment should be written in paragraph or the one which is posted on the blogger and when i came to know that in blogger we can write in point wise but then i have already posted on to my blogger. so thank you for your vigilant observation la.

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  5. Namgay more or less the thing that i understood are all mentioned in your write up so i don not have anything to comment. Every points that are needed to be mentioned are mentioned. but one thing it could have been better if you could have integrated it with your lesson la!

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    1. about integration with lesson let me write in brief that is if the student is not familiar with electronic books and

      * Before teaching to the students using software, teacher should be well verse with the software as how to use if effectively.

      * Teach the various ways to retrieve information using the software.

      * Teacher need to use the software in such a ways that whole class actively participate in the discussion.

      * Teacher should post question that students can answer using software. Question should not discriminate any level of thinking.
      * Teacher should provide some topics to do research using the software in a group or individually.

      * Teacher should do follow up in order to check their learning in terms of using the software to solve the problems. and teacher should also help the student who are in need of help

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  6. Problem solving is one of the good method as it makes student think more, analyze and reason it involves Cognitive learning theory.You have written it very nicely but if it was in points was than it could have been more understandable.

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  7. Acho the points that you are having is good and most of the points are new. i think you have found more information.
    Though you have done a great job, i think you need to include some points from the information that sir has given.

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  8. The points that you posted are clear and informative. The points that you have collected and posted are cited properly and shows how deep you have gone through in understanding the assigned topic, the Problem Solving, Multimedia encyclopedia and Electronic books. I have also seen some other examples being given which is new for me and which i have not known, whereby we must go deeper in finding good information.

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  9. Thank you for your comment la

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  10. Namgay, thanks for giving us more information on the topics. I am more clear on the topics after going throught your post and if you could provide one simple example so that it will be much more clearer.

    ReplyDelete